登录  注册

糖尿病及内分泌病学学术中心

人脑的性分化:与性别认同、性取向和神经精神障碍的相关性

Sexual differentiation of the human brain: Relation to gender identity sexual orientation and neuropsychiatric disorders

来源: 发布时间:2011-5-27
作者:Bao A M, Swaab D F
期刊: FRONT NEUROENDOCRIN 2011年5月2期32卷

During the intrauterine period a testosterone surge masculinizes the fetal brain whereas the absence of such a surge results in a feminine brain. As sexual differentiation of the brain takes place at a much later stage in development than sexual differentiation of the genitals these two processes can be influenced independently of each other. Sex differences in cognition gender identity (an individual's perception of their own sexual identity) sexual orientation (heterosexuality homosexuality or bisexuality) and the risks of developing neuropsychiatric disorders are programmed into our brain during early development. There is no evidence that one's postnatal social environment plays a crucial role in gender identity or sexual orientation. We discuss the relationships between structural and functional sex differences of various brain areas and the way they change along with any changes in the supply of sex hormones on the one hand and sex differences in behavior in health and disease on the other. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

顶一下(0

发表评论

学科影响因子排名more

 会议回顾 more

  • 【专题】第75届美国糖尿病协会科学...

  • 【专题】2015年第24届美国临床...

  • 美国糖尿病学会(ADA)2013年...

 热门病例 more

 热门指南  more

Elsevier中国网站
爱唯医学网
爱思唯尔科技部
NursingChina
柳叶刀中文版
大通医疗决策
医大爱思唯尔
Elsevier医学数据库
CK
Journal Consult
Procedures_CONSULT
ClinicalPharmacologyLogo
3D Interact Anatomy
Mosby’s Nursing Consult
NursingChina
Science Direct